Combat! – Part 1

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Back in the very early 1960’s, my dad picked up a used B&W TV set from an appliance store’s outdoor parking lot sale at Atlantic Square in Monterey Park, CA.  It was loaded into the cavernous trunk of his 1955 Ford Victoria coupe, also bought (really) used.  He probably should have spent the money on repairing the car instead of buying that TV.  Anyways, the TV was our first one, dust covered vacuum tubes and all.  At least it turned on.

Well, mom commandeered it.  Don’t ask me why.  After all, she didn’t speak much English at all having come here just a few years earlier.

While I was able to watch The Mouseketeers, Sheriff John and Engineer Bill in the morning, the night belonged to mom.  She decided what to watch.  I don’t recall dad ever saying anything either, but then, he never did.  (ps Sheriff John read off my name during his show on my birthday.  He even pronounced it correctly.)

I remember some of “her” shows.

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“Sea Hunt”.  She loved seeing Lloyd Bridges in his swimming trunks.  (He did enlist in the Coast Guard when WWII started.)

“Rawhide”.

“The Ed Sullivan Show”.

“Have Gun – Will Travel”.

“The Lucy Show”… although I can’t figure out for the life of me how she could have laughed at the lines.  She couldn’t have possibly understood the English.  American humor is so different from that of Japan’s, too.  I guess she just laughed at her physical comedy and wacky faces.  (Another ps: I watched re-runs of the Lucy Show when I stayed in Japan for two years as a young adult.  You will be shocked to learn the lines were radically changed and replaced with dubbed Japanese which would be funny in their culture.)

Near the top of her list was the “Dean Martin Show”.  Of course, it was because of Dean Martin.  While he didn’t get into swimming trunks like Lloyd Bridges, man, she thought he was man’s equivalent of Marilyn Monroe.

But sadly for dad, the show at the top of mom’s list was…  Wait for it…  Combat!

“Combat!”?  How could that be?  How could she possibly want to watch a TV series based on a war Japan just brutally lost 15 short years earlier?  Her city of Tokyo was burned to the ground in 1945 by us Americans and she was hungry all the time.   Even grandma used to call the men of the US military occupying Japan as the “invaders” or “long legs”.  Dad, a Japanese-American, was one of the invaders but definitely sans the long legs.

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Dad on the left in his summer US 8th Army uniform with two of my cousins in Hiroshima (1948). By the way, dad had one more stripe than Sgt. Saunders.

Did she know what “Little John, take the point” or “Kirby, set up your BAR over there to provide cover” meant?  Of course not.

Well, if you haven’t guessed yet as to why she loved to watch Combat!…  it was because of…  Sgt. Saunders.

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Sgt. “Chip” Saunders.  He was played by Vic Morrow.  He outdid Dean Martin and Lloyd Bridges – and my dad – by far in her epitome of manliness department.  Hell, she couldn’t even pronounce his TV name correctly: SAN-DAZU is how she pronounced it with her Japanese pronunciation.  All she saw was testosterone.  Machismo.

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Sgt. Chip Saunders. Source unknown.

Even though I was young, I vaguely remember I felt kind of odd towards dad as every time we got together with her “Nisei” lady friends, mom would rant and rave of Saunders – all in Japanese – with dad next to her.  “Daddy kara chigatte San-dazu-san wa otokopokutte kakko ii!” or translated, “Unlike dad, Saunders is so manly, rugged and handsome.  He’s a man!”  I also recall her scolding at dad every now and then in the house or car to be more “manly”.

Poor dad.

Of course, there was co-star Lt. Gil Hanley, played by Rick Jason.  She noticed him too, of course, but all she felt about him was that he was “cute” like a teen movie star – not a man’s man.

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Lieutenant Hanley on Combat!, played by Rick Jason.  Source unknown.

The other regulars were:

Pvt. William G. Kirby, who started the series with a M-1 Garand but eventually got his wish to man the BAR.  He was well played by Jack Hogan and was always getting yelled at for doing something lame-brain:

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Talkative and excitable PFC Kirby, manning his BAR, was played by Jack Hogan. Source unknown.

PFC Paul “Caje” LeMay was Saunders go-to man on patrol or in a firefight; he was played by Pierre Jalbert.  In the series, he is of Cajun heritage and comes from New Orleans where he spoke French fluently.  In real life, he was a Canadian skiing champ in his teens and was destined to ski in the Olympics.

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PFC Paul “Caje” LeMay. Source unknown.

“Little John” rounded out the long playing cast members.  His TV name was a gag; he towered over everyone else being 6′ 6″ tall.  I don’t know if it was custom made but his standard issue GI helmet fit like a condom as it looked like a tiny beanie on his head.  His real name was Dick Peabody and he wrote a column later in life which I’ll mention later.  He often wrote about the “great times” they had while shooting the episodes.

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“Little John” at left, played by Dick Peabody. To his immediate right are Caje and Kirby.

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The show was unique, even for today.  It did its best to convey the war from the GI Joe’s point of view.  Sure, the “kills” on the set were theatrical nor were the on-set explosions or artillery barrages real but it had a human streak throughout its run on TV.  It tried to convey what war was really like for the suffering civilians or the everyday soldier – well, as best it could do for TV.  Themes focused on fear, bravery, hatred, cowardice, heroism, pain and randomness of death.  Filthiness of being on the front lines without baths, crawling in mud, wading through streams with gear, protecting their buddies, killing with their bayonets and endless but deadly patrols.  As in real life, replacement soldiers were grocery clerks, dancers, used car salesmen, baseball players or worked on telephone lines.

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Induction. Source unknown.

One possible reason the show was able to convey the feelings of the everyday Joe so well was that all of these six regulars had served in the military, some during WWII itself.  “Kirby” and “Little John” served in the US Navy while “Hanley” served in the Army Air Corps (before it broke off from the US Army and became the US Air Force) during WWII.  “Caje” also served as a drill sergeant during WWII in Canada in an air training corps.  “Saunders” served in the US Navy in 1947.  It is unknown if any of them were subjected to combat.

Another bit of uniqueness was not only its early-for-its-time human interest story line but its script.  There really weren’t many spoken lines except for when it counted; just a lot of Army-based jargon otherwise but well researched.  But one funny bit of trivia at this time: one of the most oft said lines was, “Shut up, Kirby.”

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According to various articles, the men totally enjoyed “playing soldier” and getting paid for it. Here, they are actually crossing a stream.

Also adding to its TV land “realism” was that all chatter was in German between Nazi soldiers or in French between the local townspeople; there was no translation or sub-titling.  The Nazi uniforms were so well replicated by the costume folks that some Jews working at MGM’s cafeteria were upset when actors came in from the set wearing very authentic-looking Nazi uniforms (No political statement being made; just fact.)

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A scene from Episode One with “green” Hanley and combat-hardened Saunders on board a transport heading to Omaha Beach on D-Day. Note the chalk denoting “PA 142” on Hanley’s helmet (still a sergeant). They were so marked to indicate which craft the soldier was to board upon “going over the side”.

Its first episode aired on October 2, 1962, set in England a day before D-Day.  In this initial episode, both Saunders and Hanley were sergeants.  By the second episode, Hanley had gotten a battlefield promotion to lieutenant and issued his Garand M-1 Carbine.  Saunders will be issued his trademark Thompson .45 caliber machine gun.  There is a very interesting history behind who got what weapon.  Both of their helmets will change for the subsequent episodes and will become identified with them for the entire series.

Hollywood stars clamoring for guest star roles, filming schedules and behind the scenes trivia to come in Part 2.

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As with all real GI Joes in WWII, the trademark Lucky Strikes… filterless.

 

 

38 thoughts on “Combat! – Part 1”

  1. Many of those were my childhood favorites as well. In addition, I used to watch Whirlybirds, SkyKing, and Ripcord. I wound up going into the Army and becoming a Paratrooper. Later, I became involved in the Air Force. I also have a passion for SCUBA Diving- I am a master diver (NAUI). Funny how that works out. Back then, television shows showed us many things about what it meant to be an American.

  2. We were late in getting a TV set, Koji. It was probably in 1960. I remember all of the shows you mention but not Combat. Funny about your mom and the “manly man.” My show at the time was Bonanza. –Curt

      1. Too far back for my memory to stretch, Koji, but I never missed an episode. Pretty sure it was my high school years in 60-61 since I always had to finish my homework so I could watch it. –Curt

  3. I can’t remember any WW2 shows on TV during the 50s. But we did get all of those brilliant Westerns, especially Bonanza and Wyatt Earl. A great nostalgic post…Thank you!

    1. During the 50’s, most WWII related airings were documentaries like “Victory at Sea” so you’re right. Vic Morrow was recorded in an interview that perhaps there weren’t shows on WWII because it was too soon after that dreadful war.

      1. Hey, koji, my upperclass was just reminiscing about this series, so I’m gonna surprise him with a reblog of this. Am sure he – as well as so many others in the Philippines – will love this. Thank you so much. And thanks too to GP Cox for navigating me back to this. GP extends his regards, by the way!

  4. As always Koji, a great read and I eagerly await part II. Combat was one of our favorites as well, but as you well know, that changed in 1965 when I Dream of Jeannie rocked my world (and yours)!

  5. Very well done, as usual. I was too young to watch the show in ’62 but I did enjoy thoroughly the show decades later in re-runs. I was sad to see Mr. Morrow killed in the early ’80’s while filming Twighlight Zone. What a stupid, wasteful death.

    1. As Dick Peabody wrote in his column, he and the others truly felt Landis (and Spielberg by being there) acted wildly in filming that scene. They had worked hundreds of episodes on Combat with explosions but nobody got hurt. Right before the scene, Morrow had said he’s crazy for not getting a stunt double.

  6. Reblogged this on charly's blog and commented:
    This is for my snappy upperclass and mentor, Sir Dan Jimenez! I just had to research this because you said you used to watch this as a young kid. I did too. We didn’t have a TV set then, so we’d watch it from our landlord’s set. Then, just like you, Sir Dan, we’d divide into 2 big teams in the weekend and make like Vic Morrow and his band. I can still hum the show’s tune too! Enjoy!

    Special thanks to my friend, Koji, for the great work he’s done in keeping these memories alive. You’re the man, Koji!!! Guys, you should read up on Koji’s war stories. They are a gold mine!

  7. Thanks Koji, my brother from different mother. Believe it or not Combat was the most popular TV show for Vietnamese in the 60’s amid all the atrocities and violence of the war (68 Tet offensive, 1972 Summer). The show was broadcasted from US airplane (C47) above the sky of Saigon. It was popular, I think, because one does not need to understand English to enjoy, like Koji’s Mom. What amazed me more was that Sergeant Saunders never reloaded his Thompson machine gun after hundred of rounds!!!

    1. Thank you for visiting, Ben! I hope you enjoyed reading the story. Indeed, I never saw Saunders changing clips…although there was a scene or two if him trying to unjam his Jammomatic! Interesting tidbit about the C-47, too!

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